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Zenaide Hanenfeldt: The Scion of Imperial Russia That Became a Theremin Diva


Abrams at al., “Victor 22000 – 22500”, The Online Discographical Project, July 27, 2017, http://www.78discography.com/vic22000.html.

Anonymous [1], “Former Russian Belle Teaches Capital to Cook,” The Knickerbocker Press, March 18, 1923.

Anonymous [2], “Magic Music at Exposition to Be Played,” Press and Sun Bulletin, Binghamton, New York, Fri, Oct 20, 1933.

Anonymous [3], “Personal Mention,” Bridgeport Times, January, 22, 1920.

Anonymous [4], “General’s Widow Teaches Cookery,” New Castle News, March 15, 1923.

Anonymous [5], “Russian Relief is favored by Card. Gibbons,” The Bridgeport Times, March 26, 1920.

Anonymous [6], “Woman Lecturer Asks Citizenship,” The Evening Star, Washington D.C., Tuesday, September 2, 1924.

Anonymous [7], “New Ether-Wave Instrument Heard,” The Summit Herald, November 26, 1929.

Anonymous [8], “Draws Music From Air,” The New York Times, March 3, 1929.

Anonymous [9], “Theremin” Musicale From Radio Show Over WBZ,” Lewiston Evening Journal, October 11, 1929.

Anonymous [10], “Theme Songs Make Hit,” The Birmingham News, April 27, 1930.

Anonymous [11], “Russian Exhibits Unique Instrument,” The Evening Sun, January 30, 1930.

Anonymous [12], “Theremin Interprets Limpid Tone Picture,” The Morning Call, February 22, 1930.

Anonymous [13], “Ether Wave Music is Demonstrated,” The Sunday Star, Washington D.C., February 16, 1930.

Anonymous [14], “Musigraphs,” The Sunday Star, Washington D.C., March 16, 1930.

Anonymous [15], “Plays in Newport,” The Sunday Star, Washington D.C., July 20, 1930.

Anonymous [16], “Auto and Show Exposition at State Armory,” The Troy Times, January 1, 1933.

Anonymous [17], “Progress Exposition Attraction Week Of Apr. 22 at Edgerton Park”, Democrat and Chronicle (Rochester, NewYork), April 11, 1933.

Anonymous [18], “Italian Embassy Scene Of Festivity Last Evening”, The Evening Star, Washington D.C., Wednesday, March 5, 1930.

De Sayn, Elena, “Etherwave Concert,” The Sunday Star, Washington D.C., November 2, 1930.

De Sayn, Elena, “Kindler Gives D. C. Premiere Of Berlioz’s ‘Harold in Italy’.” The Evening Star, Washington D.C., November 22, 1948.

Glinsky, Albert, Theremin – Ether Music and Espionage, University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Lion & Healy, “RCA Theremin [Advertisement], Chicago Tribune, November 14, 1929.

Owen, Michael, Personal communication to the author, 2020.

White, Lucien H., “The RCA Theremin, A New Musical Invention, Plays By Waving Of Hands, demonstrated Wanamakers,” The New York Age, October 19, 1929.

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