Tag: music

Claude Debussy

Claude Debussy (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918), composer of impressionistic classical music. Born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France, Claude Debussy studied with Guiraud and others at the Paris Conservatoire (1872-84) and as an 1884 Prix de Rome winner, went to Rome, Italy (1885-7), though more important impressions came from his visits to Bayreuth (1888, […]

Erik Satie

Erik Alfred Leslie Satie (May 17, 1866 – July 1, 1925) was a French composer. Born in Honfleur, Basse-Normandie, France, Satie was a music composer, and a performing pianist, though mainly for café and cabaret audiences. Satie wrote theatre and ballet music, as well as piano music. His compositions are original, humorous, often bizarre, and […]

Minimalism

Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. In other fields of art, it has been used to describe the plays of Samuel Beckett, or the films of Robert Bresson, or the stories of Raymond Carver, for example. Visual […]

Relative pitch

The term relative pitch may denote: the distance of a musical note from a set point of reference, e.g. “three octaves above middle C” a musician’s ability to identify the intervals between given tones, regardless of their relation to concert pitch (A = 440Hz) the skill used by singers to correctly sing a melody, following […]

Absolute pitch

Absolute pitch is either the exact pitch of a note described by its number of vibrations per second, or the ability, commonly referred to as perfect pitch, to identify a note by name without the benefit of a reference note. A person with perfect pitch will be able to, at minimum, know when a piece […]

Idiophone

An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument itself vibrating, without the use of strings or membranes. It is one of the four main divisions in the original Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification, the others being membranophone, chordophone and aerophone (a fifth division, electrophone, was added in […]