Plato (c. 427 BC – c. 347 BC) was an immensely influential classical Greek philosopher, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His most famous work is The Republic (Greek Politeia, ‘city’) in which he outlines his vision of “an ideal” state. He also wrote the Laws and many dialogues in which Socrates is the […]


Aristotle, known as Aristoteles in most languages other than English (Aristotele in Italian), (384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher. Along with Plato, he is often considered to be one of the two most influential philosophers in Western thought. Introduction The three greatest ancient Greek philosophers were Aristotle, Plato, who was […]


Archytas (428 BC – 347 BC), was a Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, strategist and commander-in-chief. Archytas was born in Tarentum, Magna Graecia (now Italy) and was the son of Mnesagoras or Histiaeus. He was taught for a while by Philolaus and he was a teacher of mathematics to Eudoxus of Cnidus. He was scientist […]